Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences / Social Tension Factors: Estimation and Analysis Issues (Case Study: the City of Omsk)

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Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences. 2020 13 (4)
Kapoguzov, Evgeny A.; Chupin, Roman I.; Kharlamova, Maria S.; Pligunova, Anastasia V.
Contact information
Kapoguzov, Evgeny A.: Dostoevsky Omsk State University 55A Mira, Omsk, 644077, Russia; ORCID: OCRID: 0000-0001-8083-5654; Chupin, Roman I.: Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of SB RAS 17 Akademika Lavrent’eva, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia; ORCID: OCRID: 0000-0002-8904-1380; Kharlamova, Maria S.: Omsk Scientific Centre SB RAS 15 Karl Marx, Omsk, 644024, Russia; ORCID: OCRID: 0000-0003-4144-5893; Pligunova, Anastasia V.: Dostoevsky Omsk State University 55A Mira, Omsk, 644077, Russia;
social tension; social tension estimation; social tension factors; social wellbeing; protest potential; trust in government

The study describes the problems of social tension factors measurement and estimation in cities and its current state in Omsk. The empirical basis of the study is the sociological survey data, conducted by the Omsk Regional Center of Public Relations and the Sociology Department of Dostoevsky Omsk State University. 975 people from 5 urban districts of Omsk were interviewed during the survey. Data analysis was carried out using frequency analysis methods and contingency tables. The significance and essentiality of the differences were estimated using the chi-square and Cramer’s V criteria. Age and education turn out to have the most significant impact on respondents’ opinions; people with secondary or higher education are more often dissatisfied with the situation in the region, as for the age criterion, the group from 30 to 44 is the most dissatisfied one. The ranking of problems by importance from the respondents’ point of view was done on the basis of frequency analysis. The leading positions are occupied by the social and economic problems such as low salaries, consumer goods prices, infrastructure of the city and public utilities, as well as bureaucracy of local authorities. Judging by the protest potential of Omsk citizens, it was concluded that the population is dissatisfied with the work of the local government. However, the protest potential is estimated as low, which is partially explained by the growing negative migration balance. As a result, recommendations on improving monitoring and analysis of social tension factors in the city have been offered

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