Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences / Buryat Migrations and Diasporas in Historical Space and Time (20th-21st Centuries)

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Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences. 2020 13 (5)
Baldano, Marina N.; Dyatlov, Victor I.; Kirichenko, Svetlana V.
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Baldano, Marina N.: Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies SB RAS Ulan-Ude, Russian Federation; ; ORCID: 0000-0002-2005-5362; Dyatlov, Victor I.: Irkutsk State University Irkutsk, Russian Federation; National Research Tomsk State University Tomsk, Russian Federation; ; ORCID: (0000-0003-3584-6009; Kirichenko, Svetlana V.: Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies SB RAS Ulan-Ude, Russian Federation; ; ORCID: 0000-0002-7798-0209
Mongolian world; Buryats; Shenekhen Buryats; decampment; migration; migrants; adaptation; host society; Russia; China; Mongolia; South Korea

The article focuses on diasporas and migration in the Mongolian world (both inside and outside its borders). There is a wealth of ethno-diasporal forms and mechanisms, unexpected and peculiar adaptation processes of migrants and host societies on this research field. The novelty lies in the attempt to compare the Buryat migrations to Mongolia, China and South Korea. The rich “line” of migration types from traditional migrations to modern educational and labour migration in a globalizing world makes the problem extremely urgent. The goal is the analysis of diasporal strategies (from the transplantation version of Shenekhen Buryats to modern cross-border Buryat migrants consolidating via the Internet) and a preliminary assessment of the characteristics of crossborder Buryat migration to South Korea. The study of ethnomigration processes makes it possible to consider the practices of adaptation of migrants to the host society, strategies for constructing migrant communities, the institutionalization processes of the Buryat diasporas associated with the creation of interaction mechanisms in host countries. The study takes into account the latest achievements of various sciences, at the junction of which it was carried out. Along with general historical approaches, methods of qualitative sociology were used: interviews, polls, discursive analysis of the media, and research on a set of official documents, statistics. The article consists of three case-studies and is based on an analysis of Russian, Mongolian, Korean official documents, media materials, a series of conversations and interviews obtained during field studies of the authors in Mongolia, China and South Korea

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