Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences / Initial Stage of Development of Baikalskoe-1 Sanctuary Fortress Site

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Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences. 2021 14 (1)
Kharinskiy, Artur V.
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Kharinskiy, Artur V.: Irkutsk National Research Technical University Irkutsk, Russian Federation; , ; ORCID: 0000-0002-4815-6069
Lake Baikal; Cape Ludar; sanctuary fortress site; culture-bearing stratum; Bronze Age; Glazkov pottery; quartzite items; Tyshkine (Senogda) pottery; arrowheads; scrapers; carbon dating

Baikalskoe-1 sanctuary fortress site is located on the north-west coast of Lake Baikal. It occupies a cusp-like hill site on Cape Ludar, standing 80 m above the lake level. In the process of excavations, two culture-bearing strata were revealed in the territory of the site. The deeper stratum embraces the artefacts of the 2nd-1st millennia BC, divided into two archaeological sites. The earlier is approximately dated with the early-mid 2nd millennium BC. It is represented with the remains of clay Glazkov type pottery, quartzite and silicon items. Another archaeological site includes the artefacts datingback to the 6th-1st centuries BC. They include the fragments of Tyshkine (Senogda) type pottery, arrowheads, silicon scrapers and knives as well as the wastes of the production of such. The findings of Baikalskoe-1 prove that for four thousand years, the mount on the coast of Lake Baikal has been considered as a place where contact between the human world and deities was possible

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