Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences / Kuzbass Economy and Carbon Control Tools

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Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences. 2021 14 (7)
Mekush, Galina E.; Panov, Andrey A.
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Mekush, Galina E.: Kemerovo State University Kemerovo, Russian Federation; ; Panov, Andrey A.: Kemerovo State University Kemerovo, Russian Federation
carbon control tools; Kuzbass economy; low-carbon development scenarios; carbon intensity of the economy; carbon farms

Kuzbass is a resource-type region. Therefore, any prospective carbon control law is a very relevant issue for this part of Siberia. Carbon control laws aim at meeting the environmental standards set up by the Paris Agreement. For Kuzbass, carbon control means production restrictions and poor competitiveness. The research objective was to assess the potential of Kuzbass economy for the period of climate adaptation. The authors analyze various performance evaluation methods that are used to assess carbon control tools, as well as various scenarios for the development of Russian economy. The analysis shows that Kuzbass demonstrates no orientation towards structural and technological modernization, thus proving unready for the transition to low-carbon economy. Local ecosystems are able to absorb no more than 13 % of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while the economic indicators of the carbon intensity keep decreasing as the growth rates of the gross regional product (GRP) outstrip the consumption of fuel and energy resources. Local decision-makers can be recommended to pay special attention to the implementation rate of the best available technologies, as well as to the replication of the experience of effective climate strategies, including the sector of land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF). Carbon polygons and carbon farms can be a promising tool for the development of LULUCF sector, as they will also be able to increase the competitiveness of local companies on the carbon market

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