Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences / Socio-Ecological Inequality in the Russian Federation and Problems of its Measurement

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Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences. 2021 14 (7)
Glazyrina, Irina P.; Zabelina, Irina A.
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Glazyrina, Irina P.: Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology SB RAS Chita, Russian Federation; ; ORCID: 0000-0001-6774-9284; Zabelina, Irina A.: Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology SB RAS Chita, Russian Federation; ORCID: 0000-0003-4464-2593
economic development; region; negative impact on the environment; decoupling effect, eco-intensity; well-being

The article discusses some approaches and specific ecological and economic indicators that, in the authors’ opinion, have been used more than others in decision-making procedures, in public discourse, and in analysis in connection with the problems of spatial development, including scientific analysis. They are also used for comparative spatial analysis of socio-economic inequality. These include eco-intensity and decoupling coefficients, indicators of per capita environmental pressure and socio-ecological and economic well-being based on the expanded A. Sen’s function calculated by region. It is also shown that the calculation of eco-intensity and decoupling without taking into account the accumulation of pollutants can cause a certain limitation of the potential of these indicators in the context of long-term consequences. The conclusion is justified that these tools for measuring socio-ecological inequality cannot be considered as interchangeable, and it is unlikely that «some are better than others». These indicators provide answers to various questions, and characterize the heterogeneity of socio-ecological conditions in the regions of Russia in different aspects. It seems more reasonable to use this tool as a whole, and apply its individual components depending on the specific tasks related to the spatial development of Russia

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