Hydrogen-Assisted 1,2-Dichloroethane Dechlorination Catalyzed by Pt-Cu/SiO2: Insights into the Nature of Ethylene-Selective Active Sites

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Химия. Chemistry. 2008 1 (4)
Kazachkin, Dmitry V.; Luebke, David R.; Kovalchuk, Vladimir I.; d’Itri, Julie L.
Contact information
Dmitry V. Kazachkin, David R. Luebke, Vladimir I. Kovalchuk and Julie L. d’Itri: Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, e-mail:
hydrogen-assisted dechlorination; 1,2-dichlorothane; ethylene; Pt-Cu catalysts; infrared spectroscopy; singleton frequency; dipole-dipole coupling

Differently pretreated silica-supported Pt, Cu, and Pt-Cu catalysts with Cu to Pt atomic ratio of 1 to 6 have been investigated by a combination of reaction kinetics and FTIR spectroscopic studies in order to understand the factors that control the selectivity toward ethylene and ethane in the CH2ClCH2Cl+H2 reaction. Carbon monoxide adsorption was used to probe the electronic modification of Pt and Cu as well as the nature of ethylene-selective active sites. It was shown that there is a very limited, if any, electronic interaction between Pt and Cu in the bimetallic catalysts reduced at 493 K. However, the Pt-Cu catalysts, for which no dipole-dipole coupling shift was observed in the IR spectra of adsorbed CO suggesting extremely small Pt ensembles on the catalyst surface, demonstrated high ethylene selectivity in the 1,2-dichloroethane dechlorination. Electronic interactions between Pt and Cu have been discovered for the Pt-Cu/SiO2 catalysts reduced at 773 K. The interactions manifested themselves by a higher stability of Cu0-CO adsorption complexes in vacuum and by an increase in intensity of the Pt-CO band in the FTIR spectra upon evacuation of CO from the gas phase suggesting the formation of Pt-Cu solid solutions. The higher temperature reduction resulted in the dipole-dipole coupling shift of 6 to 19 cm-1 in the FTIR spectra of adsorbed CO. The initial ethylene selectivity of the catalysts was inversely proportional to the dipole-dipole coupling shift. The observations are consistent with the idea that the nature of the Pt-Cu species, viz., alloy particles as opposed to Cu/Pt overlayers, does not control the reaction selectivity, which is a function of the Pt ensemble size on the surface of Pt-Cu moieties.

Paper at repository of SibFU