Cognitive Scenarios of Discourses of Deception

Full text (.pdf)
Issue
Гуманитарные науки. Humanities & Social Sciences. 2013 6 (4)
Authors
Plotnikova, Svetlana N.
Contact information
Plotnikova, Svetlana N.: Irkutsk State Linguistic University, 8 Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664025 Russia; e-mail:
Keywords
discourse; deception; cognitive scenario; non-linear knowledge structure; deceiver’s semiotic duplication; true vs false identity; true vs false proposition; actual vs possible world; direct vs indirect discourse; illegitimacy
Abstract

The implication of this research for anthropological and cognitive linguistics is, first and most generally, that more attention should be given to the interactional basis of communication. Understanding of deception goes to the foundations of human communicative behavior. In contrast to politeness and other non-aggressive semiotic modes of expression, deception carries the presumption of threatening intentions. The suggested model presupposes the account of the nature of deception as a special kind of the speaker’s cognitive scenario designed to gain an advantage over the addressee. More specifically, a deception scenario is defined as a non-linear knowledge and discourse structure – the construction by the speaker, by means of discursive and behavioral techniques, of two different (true and false) identities of himself. The difference between what is said and what is pragmatically indirectly calculated is basic for discourses of deception. Research in artificial intelligence seems to support the claim made in this paper that cognitive structures (scenarios) are crucial in determining the inference rules for discourse understanding. Viewed from this perspective, deceivers’ intentions have been proved to be reconstructable on the basis of propositional analysis of the cognitive scenarios being used.

Pages
589-602
Paper at repository of SibFU
http://elib.sfu-kras.ru/handle/2311/9722

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