Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences / Стояние у креста. «Stabat Mater». Кантата композитора-митрополита Илариона (Алфеева). Сюжет и анализ

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Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences. 2022 15 (4)
Lozinskaya, Vera P.
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Lozinskaya, Vera P.: Siberian Federal University 79 Svobodny, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia;
spiritual music culture; cantata; medieval Catholic sequence; polyphony; passacaglia; Russian folk songs

The 20th century is marked with the discoveries in all the areas of the Slavic peoples’ culture that antiquity and value of contribution to the world culture deserves thorough studying. Outstanding masters of the 20th–21st centuries in their creative work and in their compositions turned to the genres of the Western European music of the Baroque and Classicism (oratorio, cantata, big concert, sonata, quartet and romance). At the same time, their reliance upon the achievements of the Russian musicians of the 19th century is evident. The composers’ works are characterized by the expansion of the lexical basis of the musical language, the use of folklore and introduction of the modern techniques of the composers’ writing. The creative work of Metropolitan Hilarion (Alfeyev) is a unique phenomenon in the history of the world and Russian musical culture of the late 20th–early 21st century. The cantata Stabat Mater for soloists, choir and orchestra is studied in this article. The relevance of the musical compositions by Hilarion Alfeyev lies in the fact that most of them are based on the religious themes and Christian texts. Great ideals and the images of Jesus Christ and the Virgin found a perfect and convincing embodiment in his music. Centuries-old traditions of the cultural and spiritual life of Russia have been preserved and developed in the cantata Stabat Mater. The value of his compositions is in a strong connection with the achievements of the outstanding composers of the 18th–20th centuries, as well as in the multilateral implementation of intonations and rhythms of the Western European music and Russian folklore combined with church hymns. The music of composer Hilarion (Alfeyev) is bright, powerful and rigorous, but at the same time it is distinguished by the subtlest lyricism. It became a revelation of not only the art of its country, but of the whole world. His compositions penetrate a human soul; they are clear and accessible to everyone

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